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The world’s most accurate, easy-to-use source for carpentry, framing and diy information.

  • Door Measurements Precise measurements form the backbone of framing a door opening. Start by settling on the standard height, which for sliding patio doors is typically around 80 inches. Now, the width—this can range from 60 to 96 inches. Jot…

  • Planning and Materials Start with quality 2x4s and plywood. That junk leftover from other projects just won't suffice here. We want sturdy construction, so go new. Also, don't forget the screws and nails—1½-inch and 3-inch should cover most of it.…

  • Materials and Tools Before starting, gather the required materials and tools. You'll need treated lumber for durability, screws, wood glue, a miter saw, and a nail gun. If using cedar or another alternative wood, ensure you have the proper sealant.…

  • Acclimate the Flooring Let the flooring acclimate to room temperature and humidity for three to five days. This step is crucial – you don't want your beautiful new floors to buckle or gap. While the planks sit, arrange boards from…

  • Tools & Materials Tools Needed: Materials Needed: Cutting Grooves and Pieces Cutting the Groove: If you don't have power tools, glue thin trim pieces to create a makeshift groove. Cutting the Pieces: Keep your workspace clean to ensure precise cuts.…

  • Design Planning Before building, visualize and plan the design of your built-ins. Sketch out what you have in mind, or use SketchUp for a 3-D model. This step ensures you nail the exact dimensions. Decide on your end goal first:…

  • Choosing a Site and Getting Permits First, check with your homeowners association and local building department to understand the building regulations that can impact where and how you construct your pergola. Next, choose the perfect spot in your yard. You'll…

  • Preparing Furniture for Sanding Before sanding, thoroughly wipe and clean your furniture. Use Simple Green or Mineral Spirits to break down grease and oil without damaging the wood. Any leftover grime or adhesive can gum up your sandpaper or harm…

  • Assessing the Furniture First order of business: look for any damage. Scratches? Dents? Structural issues? Those need your attention before anything else. Grab a flashlight and get up close. Miss even the tiniest flaw, and you'll regret it later. Find…

  • Plan Your Deck Construction When preparing for deck construction, the first step is getting necessary permits and consulting the local building department. Make sure to call 811 to have your underground utilities marked. You don't want to hit a gas…

  • Coped vs. Mitered Joints Crown molding adds an elegant touch to a room, but getting those joints right is the real challenge. Coped and mitered joints are two techniques you'll use often—knowing when to use each saves you hassles. Mitered…

  • Design and Measurements Common dimensions for a coffee table are around 48 inches long, 24 inches wide, and 18 inches high. Sketch your design, noting the dimensions for each piece. This initial step sets the foundation for the entire build.…

  • Essential Woodworking Tools Your foundational buddy is the table saw, revered for its precision and versatility. It's perfect for cutting, cross-cutting, ripping, and more. But be wary of kickback – always maintain control of your work to avoid potential hazards.…

  • Planning and Preparation Determining the size of your shed is crucial. A 10 x 20 shed offers ample storage or a small workshop, while an 8 x 12 might suit you better if space is limited. Ensure to accommodate for…

  • Hand Saws Hand saws are vital in woodworking, covering a wide range of tasks from rough cuts to precise joinery. Each type serves a purpose, and having a variety can make a significant difference. Ripping Handsaws Ripping handsaws are designed…

  • Building the Foundation Cut treated 6×6 lumber to 12 feet. Place your cut 6x6s on the gravel, making sure they are centered with the outside edges 6 feet apart. Cover it all with treated 3/4-inch plywood to set the stage…

  • Wooden Signs Wooden signs are a straightforward project for beginners, requiring just some scrap wood, glue, and creativity. They are perfect for home decor, event signage, or personalized gifts like customized family names or motivational quotes. Choose pine wood for…

  • Protective Gear Always consider safety first. Wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying wood chips and dust. Hearing protection, such as earplugs or earmuffs, is essential when using loud tools to prevent permanent hearing loss. Dust masks are…

  • Measuring Your Space Measuring your space for a wood fireplace mantel is crucial. Grab your tape measure and start with the width. Measure the distance across the top of your fireplace opening and jot down this number. Next, consider how…

  • Planning and Measuring Before you start your DIY bookshelf project, it's crucial to plan and measure carefully. This step lays the foundation for a successful and well-crafted end result. Materials: Step-by-Step Instructions: Cutting the Wood With your measurements ready, it's…

  • Tools and Essential Materials Before diving into the project, it's crucial to gather all the essential tools and materials you'll need. Having everything at hand will make the process smoother and ensure you achieve a polished, professional outcome. Let's start…

  • Prepare the Rough Opening To prepare the rough opening for your pocket door, the width should be twice the width of your door plus an extra inch. The height should accommodate the track and rollers, with an additional 4 ½…

  • Window Framing Tips Nothing slows down the wall framing process quite like installing window framing components. There are so many parts that need to be assembled, without good planning and an efficient process, a lot of time will be lost.…

  • Wall Framing Basics Before I begin on the basics of wall framing I’d like to tell you a little story about a fellow carpenter. First I’ve worked with this guy since high school, you will not find a better carpenter…

  • Learn How to Build Stairs In order to advance your carpentry career you should learn how to build stairs. If you can cut a roof then learning how to cut and install steps should be fairly easy. The rise and…

  • Construction Master Stair Calculator The Construction Master can be used as a stair calculator, to figure rafter lengths, squaring walls, and many more uses. In addition to the special purpose uses already mentioned the construction master can also perform the…

  • Stair Building Forum Use our free stair building forum to ask a question, answer one, or just to show off some of your work. No login or registration required. You can even upload up to four photos. Start a topic…

  • Squaring Walls for Sheathing Squaring walls before standing them is a rather simple process. Whenever possible, exterior walls should be squared up, sheathed, and house wrap applied before being raised. Any carpenter is more efficient standing flat footed on the…

  • Sitemap Home Carpentry, Roof Cutting, and House Framing Tips for the Pro Carpentry by an efficient and experienced carpenter shares his house framing knowledge and shortcuts with viewers. Concrete Forms Concrete Forms Read about the different types of concrete forming…

  • Laying Sill Plates The time to lay the sill plates is probably the most important in housing carpentry. The more accurate you are with this step the easier it will be on everyone involved, including the trim carpenter. I once…

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  • Types of Prefab Roof Trusses Nearly four out of five new homes built in America use manufactured roof trusses to frame the roof. Prefabricated trusses replace the rafters and ceiling joists used in conventional framing. The use of trusses enable…

  • Basic Roof Styles The same basic roof styles are used in building any type of residential construction. Whether you are building a dog house, shed, garage, single family home, or mansion the roof will consist of one style or a…

  • Roof Rafters Only seven different types of roof rafters are required to build the most complex roof. A simple gable roof can be constructed using only one type, the common rafter. Three different types the common, hip, and hip jack…

  • Determining Roof Pitch Roof pitch is determined by finding the amount of rise per foot run. If you are framing a new home, garage, shed, or similar building the pitch of the roof can be obtained by looking on the…

  • Roof Framing Forum Use our free roof framing forum to tell your story, ask a question, comment on others, or show off your work. No login or registration required. You can even upload up to four photos. Start a topic…

  • Length of Hip Roof Ridge Board While the ridge board length on a gable roof is simple, a hip roof is only slightly more difficult to figure. A gable ridge is the same length as the building plus the overhang…

  • Carpentry Related Sites I realize that some of you are looking for more carpentry information than is available on Carpentry Pro Framer, so I have supplied a few links to other carpentry related sites. Engineered Wood Association Detailed information on…

  • Rafters 12 X 16 Shed by Andy (Ellicott City, MD) I’m building a 16 X 12 ft shed. I want to use a ridge board and want to know if I should use 2×4’s or 2×6 rafters? Thanks! Rick (Moderator)To…

  • Post Your Comment For: Rafters 12 X 16 Shed Your Name (optional) Comment Title Your Comments (3000 characters max, no HTML please) Changed your mind? Decided not to comment right now? Return to Rafters 12 X 16 Shed Join in…

  • Basic Rafter Cuts The same three basic rafter cuts are used on common, jack, valley, and hip rafters. Plumb cuts represent the vertical or straight up and down cuts once the rafter is placed in position. It is used on…

  • Pythagorean Theorem and Carpentry Modern carpentry work is so much easier when the Pythagorean Theorem is applied to the task at hand. Roof framing, squaring walls, and foundations rely on this basic principle of mathematics. Basics of the Theorem In…

  • Pyramid Roof Framing Pyramid roof framing on a square shaped building is as easy as cutting any normal hip roof. The only difference is a hip roof has a ridge board and a pyramid does not. What I mean by…

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  • Prefabricated Stairs Prefabricated stairs are available locally and their use can easily equate into a savings of 30 – 40 percent. Whether you’re building track, duplex, multi – family, or custom homes a design or style is available to fit…

  • Portable Stairs Even if custom wooden stairs are to be installed, portable stairs should be constructed as soon as possible. Stairs are designed to move people and material more efficiently and safely. Whether building permanent or temporary stairs I like…

  • Pocket Door Framing Determining what size to make rough openings for single pocket door framing is a simple process. Almost all hardware manufacturers state in their instructions, width of the rough opening is two times that of the door plus…

  • Ordering Roof Trusses Before ordering roof trusses several options must be considered and decided upon before placing the order. These options include type, number, span, pitch, heel height (height above plate), load, bearing width, and ceiling type of roof trusses.…

  • Laying Out Wall Framing When laying out wall framing, the lead man must be efficient, clear, and concise with the marking of the framing components. This page contains some tips and shortcut’s to speed up this carpentry task. The job…

  • Installing Trusses on a Garage Installing trusses is the only way to go if you are building a shed, garage, or similar small building and aren’t capable of cutting a roof. Smaller roof trusses are in stock at most local…

  • Basic Carpentry Framing Tips My carpentry experience has been obtained by working in the highly competitive west and southwest side Chicago land housing market for the past 30 years. This experience includes working as an apprentice, journeyman, lead man, roof…

  • Framing a Hip Roof Framing a hip roof may look difficult, but with the information presented here you should be able to frame a simple one. After learning how to frame a gable roof, then you should be ready to…

  • Hip Roof Framing Basics Just like any other type of roof, hip roof framing starts by figuring the length and cutting a common rafter. The common rafter will determine the height and length of the ridge board which will establish…

  • Hip Rafter Length Correct hip rafter length can easily be determined with the use of a Construction Master Calculator. If you enter the right information there is no need to shorten the rafter half the thickness of the ridge board.…

  • Garage Door Framing The wall containing the garage door framing can be very heavy so make sure you have plenty of help. If I’m framing a new house with an attached garage, it’s best to build the the garage walls…

  • Framing a Gable Roof Overhang Framing a gable roof overhang is one of the trickiest parts to building any gable roof. The width of the overhang determines one of two methods used to frame the overhang. The wider the eave…

  • Gable Roof Framing After learning how to build walls, frame floors, and ceilings gable roof framing is the next logical step in learning the carpentry trade. Some roofs are so complicated they tax the knowledge and patience of even the…

  • Tips for Framing Walls Framing walls is like working a puzzle. The lay out carpenter has already marked the wall plates for the location of windows, doors, corners, studs, and wall intersections. Once you have learned to recognize these lay…

  • Common Rafters and Framing Square Basics The framing square is one of the most useful and versatile tools in carpentry. It can be used to layout and cut common rafters, hip rafters, staircase stringers, these few items are only the…

  • Floor Framing Approach floor framing with proper planning and care just like any other carpentry work. Study the blueprint and make note of the location of any stairway openings, floor joist cantilevers, in construction floor beams, and heavy loads from…