schools are an excellent way to receive the training needed to move up
the pay ladder in the construction industry. This type of training is
available thru high school vocational classes, carpentry trade schools, and the local union carpenters regional training centers.
Floor Framing Tips Tips and techniques for floor framing including floor joists and sill plates
Sill Plates The first yet most important step in carpentry is the laying of the sill plates!
Wall Framing Basics Here you will find the basics of wall framing,studs, headers, cripples, corners, etc.
Laying Out Wall Framing
When laying out wall framing, the lead man must be efficient, clear,
and concise with the marking of the framing components. This page
contains some tips and shortcut's to speed up this carpentry task
Tips for Framing Walls
Framing walls is like working a puzzle. The lay out carpenter has
marked all plates for the location of windows, doors, corners, studs,
and wall intersections.
Squaring walls before standing is a rather simple process. Whenever
possible, walls should be squared up and sheathed before standing.
Installing trusses is the only way to go if you are building a shed,
garage, or similar small building and aren't capable of cutting a roof.
roof trusses are in stock at most local lumber yards and big box home
improvement centers. They can often be bought for around the same price
as the lumber required of a conventional framed roof.
Before ordering roof trusses several options must be considered and decided upon before placing the order.
Basic Roof Framing
Basic Roof Styles
The same basic roof styles are used in building any type of residential
construction. Whether you are building a dog house, shed, garage,
single family home, or mansion the roof will consist of one style or a
combination of several different roof types.
Roof Framing Basics When roof framing it all begins with the framing square and the layout of the common rafter.
Types of Roof Rafters Only seven different types of roof rafters are required to build the most complex roof.
Basic Rafter Cuts The same three basic rafter cuts are used on common, jack, valley, and hip rafters.
Framing Square Basics
Tips for using a framing square to cut common rafters. Including some
carpentry shortcuts gained from my many years of experience.
Cutting Rafters Accurately Cutting rafters accurately is the key to a sturdy roof, there are three different techniques I use for this carpentry task.
Gable Roof Framing After
learning how to build walls, frame floors, and ceilings gable roof
framing is the next step in learning the carpentry trade. Some roofs are
so complicated they tax the knowledge and patience of even the most
experienced roof cutters. A simple straight gable roof however is not
one of those roofs.
Gable Roof Overhang Framing Framing
a gable roof overhang is one of the trickiest parts to building any
gable roof.The width of the overhang determines one of two methods used
to frame the overhang. The wider the eave the more support it will need
to keep from sagging over time.
a hip roof may look difficult, but with the information presented here
you should be able to frame a simple one.Just like a gable roof, hip
roofs are made up of common rafters plus, hip and jack rafters.
like any other type of roof, hip roof framing starts by figuring the
length and cutting a common rafter. The common rafter will determine the
height and length of the ridge board which will establish where the hip
rafters are located.
Correct hip rafter length can easily be determined with the use of a
Construction Master Calculator. If you enter the right information there
is no need to shorten the rafter half the thickness of the ridge board.
the ridge board length on a gable roof is simple, a hip roof is only
slightly more difficult to figure. A gable ridge is the same length as
the building plus the overhang on either end. A hip roof ridge is the
width of the structure, plus the thickness of the ridge board,
subtracted from the buildings length.
for anything that makes my job easier. The chalk line clamp invented by
Albert Cruz of Kansas does just that. I've been at this for nearly
thirty years, and had accepted the fact that a slipping chalk line was
just part of the job.